Joan FitzBernard

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Badlesmere.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJoan FitzBernard married Guncelin De Badlesmere, son of Giles De Badlesmere and Margaret Leveland.

Child of Joan FitzBernard and Guncelin De Badlesmere

Anne Ferrers of Groby

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was le Despenser.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAnne Ferrers of Groby married Edward le Despenser, son of Hugh the Younger le Despenser and Eleanor de Clare.

Child of Anne Ferrers of Groby and Edward le Despenser

Maud de Ufford

F, b. 1345, d. 25 January 1413
Father*Sir Ralph de Ufford
Mother*Maud of Lancaster
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Vere.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMaud de Ufford married Thomas de Vere, son of John de Vere and Maud De Badlesmere.
Birth1345Maud de Ufford was born in 1345.
She was the daughter of Sir Ralph de Ufford and Maud of Lancaster.
Death25 January 1413Maud de Ufford died on 25 January 1413.
Maud de Ufford, Countess of Oxford (1345/1346- 25 January 1413), was a wealthy English noblewoman and the wife of Thomas de Vere, 8th Earl of Oxford. Her only child was Robert de Vere, 9th Earl of Oxford, the favourite of King Richard II of England. In 1404 in Essex, she took part in a conspiracy against King Henry IV of England and was sent to the Tower of London; however, she was eventually pardoned through the efforts of Queen consort Joanna of Navarre.[1]. She resided in the picturesque village of Great Bentley in Essex.

Maud was born in Ireland sometime in about 1345 or 1346. Her parents were Sir Ralph de Ufford, Justiciar of Ireland and Maud of Lancaster, widow of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster. Maud was their only child and heiress, although she had a uterine half-sister, Elizabeth de Burgh, who was the suo jure Countess of Ulster.

On 9 April 1346, Maud's father died in Kilmainham. Sir Ralph had been an incompetent Justiciar, and was thoroughly disliked by the Irish.[2] Maud, who was a baby, and her mother fled to England. Sometime between 8 August 1347 and 25 April 1348, Maud's mother became a canoness at the Augustine Abbey of Campsey in Suffolk.

When she was a child, sometime before 10 June 1350, she married Thomas de Vere, son and heir of John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford and Maud de Badlesmere. He would succeed to the title of 10th Earl in 1360; henceforth, Maud was styled as the Countess of Oxford. The marriage produced one son.1

Child of Maud de Ufford and Thomas de Vere


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Robert de Beaumont

M, b. 1049, d. 5 June 1118
Father*Roger de Beaumont-le-Roger b. c 1015, d. 29 Nov 1094
Mother*Adeline of Meulan b. c 1017, d. 1081
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1049Robert de Beaumont was born in 1049.
He was the son of Roger de Beaumont-le-Roger and Adeline of Meulan.
Marriage1096Robert de Beaumont married Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter of Count Hugh I of Vermandois and Adelaide of Vermandois, in 1096.
Death5 June 1118Robert de Beaumont died on 5 June 1118.
Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester and Count of Meulan (1049 – 5 June 1118) was a powerful English and French nobleman, revered as one of the wisest men of his age. Chroniclers speak highly of his eloquence, his learning, and three kings of England valued his counsel.

He accompanied William the Conqueror to England in 1066, where his service earned him more than 91 lordships and manors. When his mother died in 1081, Robert inherited the title of Count of Meulan in Normandy, also the title of Viscount Ivry and Lord of Norton. He did homage to Philip I of France for these estates and sat as French Peer in the Parliament held at Poissy.

At the Battle of Hastings Robert was appointed leader of the infantry on the right wing of the army.

He and his brother Henry were members of the Royal hunting party in the New Forest, when William Rufus received his mysterious death wound, 2 August 1100. He then pledged alligience to William Rufus' brother, Henry I of England, who created him Earl of Leicester in 1107.

On the death of William Rufus, William, Count of Evreux and Ralph de Conches made an incursion into Robert's Norman estates, on the pretence that they had suffered injury through some advice that Robert had given to the King; their raid was very successful for they collected a vast booty.

According to Henry of Huntingdon, Robert died of shame after "a certain earl carried off the lady he had espoused, either by some intrigue or by force and stratagem." His wife Isabella remarried in 1118 to William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey.1
Count of Meulan.

Children of Robert de Beaumont and Elizabeth of Vermandois


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Leicester.

Isabel Bigod

F, b. circa 1212, d. 1250
Father*Roger Bigod b. c 1144, d. 1221
Mother*Maud Marshal b. 1194, d. 27 Mar 1248
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Lacy.
Married NameHer married name was fitz Geoffrey.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageIsabel Bigod married John fitz Geoffrey.
Birthcirca 1212Isabel Bigod was born circa 1212.
She was the daughter of Roger Bigod and Maud Marshal.
Death1250Isabel Bigod died in 1250.
Isabel Bigod, Lady of Shere (c.1212- 1250), was an English noblewoman, the only daughter of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk.[1] She was the wife of Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, and John FitzGeoffrey, Lord of Shere.

Isabel was born in Thetford, Norfolk in about 1212, the only daughter of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, a Magna Carta surety, and Maud Marshal (1192- 27 March 1248). Her paternal grandparents were Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk and Ida de Tosny, a former mistress of King Henry II of England. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke. She had four brothers including Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk and Hugh Bigod. She also had two younger half-siblings John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and Isabelle de Warenne, by her mother's second marriage to William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey. Isabel's father had died in 1225.1

Child of Isabel Bigod and John fitz Geoffrey


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Sarah de Beauchamp

Father*William de Beauchamp b. 1215, d. 1269
Mother*Isabel Mauduit b. 1227, d. b 1268
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Talbot.
Married NameHer married name was Talbot.
Life EventDateDescription
Sarah de Beauchamp was the daughter of William de Beauchamp and Isabel Mauduit.

Child of Sarah de Beauchamp

Katherine Talbot

Mother*Sarah de Beauchamp
Life EventDateDescription
Katherine Talbot was the daughter of Sarah de Beauchamp.

William Mauduit

Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam Mauduit was also known as de Maudit.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageWilliam Mauduit married Alice de Beaumont, daughter of Waleran de Beaumont and Alice de Harcourt.

Children of William Mauduit and Alice de Beaumont

Alice de Beaumont

F, d. before 1263
Father*Waleran de Beaumont b. 1153, d. 12 Dec 1204
Mother*Alice de Harcourt
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Maudit.
Married NameHer married name was Mauduit.
Life EventDateDescription
Alice de Beaumont was the daughter of Waleran de Beaumont and Alice de Harcourt.
MarriageAlice de Beaumont married William Mauduit.
Deathbefore 1263Alice de Beaumont died before 1263.

Children of Alice de Beaumont and William Mauduit

Waleran de Beaumont

M, b. 1153, d. 12 December 1204
Father*Roger de Beaumont b. 1102, d. 12 Jun 1153
Mother*Gundred de Warenne b. a 1118
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageWaleran de Beaumont married Alice de Harcourt, daughter of Robert de Harcourt.
MarriageWaleran de Beaumont married Margery d'Oyly, daughter of Henry d'Oyly and Maud De Bohun.
Birth1153Waleran de Beaumont was born in 1153.
He was the son of Roger de Beaumont and Gundred de Warenne.
Death12 December 1204Waleran de Beaumont died on 12 December 1204.
Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick (1153 – 12 December 1204) was the younger son of Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick and Gundred de Warrenne, daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois. He was also known as Walerian de Newburg.

After his brother's death an impostor arose, claiming to be the deceased Earl; he gave Waleran a great deal of trouble in maintaining his claim. He does not appear to have been a great soldier, for he paid scutage money to escape military service in Wales. His position in the Court is attested by his bearing the right hand Sword of State at the Coronation of King John, 27 May 1199.

He liberally supported the hospital of St. Michael's Hospital, Warwick and gave to the nuns of Pinley land at Claverdon, and land at Brailes to the nuns at Wroxall, Warwickshire.1

Child of Waleran de Beaumont and Alice de Harcourt

Children of Waleran de Beaumont and Margery d'Oyly


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_4th_Earl_of_Warwick.

Roger de Beaumont

M, b. 1102, d. 12 June 1153
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1102Roger de Beaumont was born in 1102.
Marriage1130He married Gundred de Warenne, daughter of William II de Warenne and Elizabeth of Vermandois, in 1130.
Death12 June 1153Roger de Beaumont died on 12 June 1153.
Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick (1102 – 12 June 1153), was the elder son of Henry de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Warwick and Marguerite, daughter of Geoffrey II of Perche and Beatrix of Montdidier. He was also known as Roger de Newburg.

He was generally considered to have been a devout and pious man; a chronicle of the period, the Gesta Regis Stephani, speaks of him as a "man of gentle disposition". The borough of Warwick remembers him as the founder of the Hospital of S. Michael for lepers which he endowed with the tithes of Wedgnock, and other property; he also endowed the House of the Templars beyond the bridge. In the reign of Stephen he founded a priory dedicated to S. Kenned at Llangennilth, Co. Glamorgan and he attached it as a cell to the Abbey of S. Taurinus at Evreux in Normandy.

He married 1130 Gundred de Warenne, daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois and had six children.

Child of Roger de Beaumont and Gundred de Warenne

Gundred de Warenne

F, b. after 1118
Father*William II de Warenne d. 1138
Mother*Elizabeth of Vermandois b. c 1081, d. 13 Feb 1131
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationGundred de Warenne was also known as Gundrada.
Married Name1130As of 1130,her married name was de Beaumont.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthafter 1118Gundred de Warenne was born after 1118.
She was the daughter of William II de Warenne and Elizabeth of Vermandois.
Marriage1130Gundred de Warenne married Roger de Beaumont in 1130.

Child of Gundred de Warenne and Roger de Beaumont

Alice de Harcourt

Father*Robert de Harcourt
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Beaumont.
Life EventDateDescription
Alice de Harcourt was the daughter of Robert de Harcourt.
MarriageAlice de Harcourt married Waleran de Beaumont, son of Roger de Beaumont and Gundred de Warenne.

Child of Alice de Harcourt and Waleran de Beaumont

Robert de Harcourt


Child of Robert de Harcourt

William Mauduit

M, b. circa 1220, d. 8 January 1267
Father*William Mauduit
Mother*Alice de Beaumont d. b 1263
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1220William Mauduit was born circa 1220.
He was the son of William Mauduit and Alice de Beaumont.
Death8 January 1267William Mauduit died on 8 January 1267.
William Maudit (or Mauduit), 8th Earl of Warwick (abt 1220 – 8 January 1267), was an English nobleman and participant in the Barons' War.

He was the son of Alice de Beaumont (daughter of the 4th Earl) and William de Maudit, and so was the grandson of Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick. His father was the lord of Hanslape and hereditary chamberlain of the exchequer, a title that went back to another William Maudit who held that office for Henry I.

He adhered to Henry III in the wars with the barons. He was surprised in his own castle, Warwick Castle by John Giffard, the governor of Kenilworth Castle. The walls of the castle were destroyed and the countess taken prisoner to Kenilworth, and only released on payment of a ransom nineteen hundred marks.

William Mauduit made the castle in the corner of Portchester Castle (Portus Adurni) for an unknown reason. This was made in 1090 and is a Norman Castle and had palisades on each side of the castle.

He died without issue and the estates then passed to his sister Isabel de Maudit who had married William de Beauchamp. She died shortly after Warwick's death and the title passed to their son William.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_8th_Earl_of_Warwick.

Adelaide of Vermandois

F, b. 1062, d. 1122
Father*Herbert IV of Vermandois b. 1028, d. 1080
Mother*Adele of Valois
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAdelaide of Vermandois married Count Hugh I of Vermandois, son of King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev.
Birth1062Adelaide of Vermandois was born in 1062.
She was the daughter of Herbert IV of Vermandois and Adele of Valois.
Death1122Adelaide of Vermandois died in 1122.
Adelaide of Vermandois (1062 - 1122) was suo jure Countess of Vermandois and Valois and the last member of the Carolingian dynasty.

Adelaide was the daughter of Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois, and Alice, Countess of Valois. Her younger brother Odo became Count of Vermandois upon their father's death in 1080. However, five years later, he was disinheredited by the council of Barons of France because of his mental illness. Thus, Adelaide and her husband succeeded to the Counties of Vermandois and Valois.

Adelaide married firstly Hugh Magnus, son of King Henry I of France. By this marriage she had nine children:

Matilda(1080-1130), married Ralph I of Beaugency
Beatrice (1082-after1144), married Hugh III of Gournay
Ralph I (1085-1152)
Elizabeth of Vermandois, Countess of Leicester (1085-1131)
Constance (1086-??), married Godfrey de la Ferté-Gaucher
Agnes (1090-1125), married Boniface of Savone
Henry (1091-1130), Lord of Chaumont en Vexin
Simon (1093-1148)
William, possibly married to Isabella, illegitimate daughter of King Louis VI of France
In 1104, she married secondly Renaud II, Count of Clermont. By this marriage she had one daughter, Margaret, who married Charles I, Count of Flanders.

In 1102, Adelaide was succeeded by her son, Ralph I. Adelaide died in 1122 and the Carolingian dynasty died out with her.1

Children of Adelaide of Vermandois and Count Hugh I of Vermandois


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Countess_of_Vermandois.

Emma of France

F, b. 1054
Father*King Henry I of France b. 4 May 1008, d. 4 Aug 1060
Mother*Anne of Kiev b. c 1028, d. 1075
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1054Emma of France was born in 1054.
She was the daughter of King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev.

William de Warenne

M, b. after 1118, d. 1148
Father*William II de Warenne d. 1138
Mother*Elizabeth of Vermandois b. c 1081, d. 13 Feb 1131
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageWilliam de Warenne married Adela Talvas, daughter of William III of Ponthieu and Helie of Burgundy.
Birthafter 1118William de Warenne was born after 1118.
He was the son of William II de Warenne and Elizabeth of Vermandois.
Death1148William de Warenne died in 1148.
William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey (died 1148), was the eldest son of the William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois.

He was generally loyal to king Stephen. He fought at the Battle of Lincoln (1141), and was one of the leaders of the army that pursued the empress Matilda in her flight from Winchester, and which captured Robert of Gloucester.

He was one of the nobles that, along with Louis VII of France, took crusading vows at Vezelay in 1146, and he accompanied the initial army of the Second Crusade the next year. He was killed by a Turkish attack while the army was marching across Anatolia (modern day Turkey) on their way to the Holy Land.

In Dec 1147 the French-Norman force reaches the Biblical town of Ephesus on the west coast of Turkey. They are joined by remnants of the German army which had previously taken heavy losses at Dorylaeum. Marching across Southwest Turkey and fight in an unsuccessful battle at Laodicea against the Turks on the border between Byzantine Empire and Seljuks of Rum (3-4 Jan 1148). On 8-Jan they battle again in the area of Mount Cadmus, where Turks ambush the main train of infantry and non-combatants because the main force is too far forwards. King Louis and his bodyguard of Templar Knights and Noblemen sallied forth in a classic example of chivalry to protect the poor and valiantly charged the Turks. Most of the knights were killed, including William, and Louis barely escaped with his life. His army arrives later at the coastal city of Adalia. The battle is recorded by Odo de Deuil, personal chaplain to Louis, in his book De Profectione - pp 68–127.

He was a great-grandson of Henry I of France, and half-brother to Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester, Waleran IV de Beaumont, Count of Meulan, and Hugh de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Bedford.

William married Adela (or Ela), daughter of William Talvas, count of Ponthieu, who was the son of Robert of Bellême.

They had one child, a daughter, Isabel, who was his heir. She married first William of Blois, second son of king Stephen, and who became earl of Warenne or Surrey. After he died without children in October 1159, she married Hamelin, half-brother of Henry II, who also became Earl of Warenne or Surrey. He took the de Warenne surname[citation needed], and their descendants carried on the earldom.1

Child of William de Warenne and Adela Talvas


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_3rd_Earl_of_Surrey.

Adela Talvas

F, b. after 1115, d. 10 October 1174
Father*William III of Ponthieu b. c 1095, d. 20 Jun 1172
Mother*Helie of Burgundy b. c 1080, d. 28 Feb 1141
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAdela Talvas was also known as Ela.
Married NameHer married name was de Warenne.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAdela Talvas married William de Warenne, son of William II de Warenne and Elizabeth of Vermandois.
Birthafter 1115Adela Talvas was born after 1115.
She was the daughter of William III of Ponthieu and Helie of Burgundy.
Death10 October 1174Adela Talvas died on 10 October 1174.

Child of Adela Talvas and William de Warenne

William III of Ponthieu

M, b. circa 1095, d. 20 June 1172
Father*Robert de Bellême b. 1052, d. a 1130
Mother*Agnes of Ponthieu b. c 1080, d. a 1105
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam III of Ponthieu was also known as William II Talvas.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1095William III of Ponthieu was born circa 1095.
He was the son of Robert de Bellême and Agnes of Ponthieu.
Marriage1115William III of Ponthieu married Helie of Burgundy in 1115.
Death20 June 1172William III of Ponthieu died on 20 June 1172.
William III of Ponthieu (c. 1095–20 June 1172), son of Robert II of Bellême and Agnes of Ponthieu. He is also called William (II; III) Talvas.

He assumed the county of Ponthieu some time before 1111, upon the death of his mother. His father escaped capture at the battle of Tinchebrai (1106). Later, as envoy for King Louis of France, he went to the English court. He was arrested by King Henry of England and was never released from prison. William was naturally driven by this to oppose King Henry and his allegiance to count Geoffrey of Anjou caused Henry to seize certain of William's castles in Normandy.

His wife was Helie of Burgundy, daughter of Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy. The Gesta Normannorum Ducum says that they had five children, three sons and two daughters. Guy II is called "the eldest son", but the editors doubt this. He assumed the county of Ponthieu during his father Talvas' lifetime, but preceded him in death (Guy II died 1147; William Talvas died 1171). His daughters married Juhel, son of Walter of Mayenne, and William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey.1

Children of William III of Ponthieu and Helie of Burgundy


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

John De Lacy

M, b. circa 1192, d. 1240
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJohn De Lacy married Margaret de Quincy, daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester.
Birthcirca 1192John De Lacy was born circa 1192.
Death1240He died in 1240.
John de Lacy (c. 1192 – 1240) was the 1st Earl of Lincoln, of the fifth creation. He was the eldest son and heir of Roger de Lacy and his wife, Maud or Matilda de Clere (not of the de Clare family).[1] In 1221 he married Margaret de Lacy, daughter of Robert de Quincy and niece of Ranulph de Blondeville through her mother Hawise. Through this marriage John was in 1232 allowed to succeeded de Blondeville as earl of Lincoln.[1] He was one of twenty-five barons charged with overseeing the observance of Magna Carta in 1215.[2]

He was hereditary constable of Chester and,in the 15th year of King John, undertook the payment of 7,000 marks to the crown, in the space of four years, for livery of the lands of his inheritance, and to be discharged of all his father's debts due to the exchequer, further obligating himself by oath, that in case he should ever swerve from his allegiance, and adhere to the king's enemies, all of his possessions should devolve upon the crown, promising also, that he would not marry without the king's license. By this agreement it was arranged that the king should retain the castles of Pontefract and Dunnington, still in his own hands; and that he, the said John, should allow 40 pounds per year, for the custody of those fortresses. But the next year he had Dunnington restored to him, upon hostages. About this period he joined the baronial standard, and was one of the celebrated twenty-five barons, one of the Sureties, appointed to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta. But the next year, he obtained letters of safe conduct to come to the king to make his peace, and he had similar letters, upon the accession of Henry III., in the second year of which monarch's reign, he went with divers other noblemen into the Holy Land.

John de Lacy (Lacie), 7th Baron of Halton Castle, and hereditary constable of Chester, was one of the earliest who took up arms at the time of the Magna Charta, and was appointed to see that the new statutes were properly carried into effect and observed in the counties of York and Nottingham. He was excommunicated by the Pope. Upon the accession of King Henry III. he joined a party of noblemen and made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and did good service at the siege of Damietta. In 1232 he was made Earl of Lincoln and in 1240, governor of Chester and Beeston Castles. He died on 22 July 1240 and was buried at the Cisterian Abbey of Stanlaw, in co. Chester. The monk Matthew Paris, records: "On the 22nd day of July, in the year 1240, which was St. Magdalen's Day, John, Earl of Lincoln, after suffering from a long illness went the way of all flesh." He married (1) Alice, daughter of Gilbert de Aquila, but by her had no issue. She died in 1215 and, after his marked gallantry at the siege of Damietta, he married (2) Margaret Quincy only daughter and heir of Robert de Quincy, Earl of Winchester, by Hawyse, 4th sister and co-heir of Ranulph de Mechines, Earl of Chester and Lincoln , which Ranulph, by a formal charter under his seal, granted the Earldom of Lincoln, that is, so much as he could grant thereof, to the said Hawyse, "to the end that she might be countess, and that her heirs might also enjoy the earldom;" which grant was confirmed by the king, and at the especial request of the countess, this John de Lacy, constable of Chester, was created by charter, dated Northampton, 23 November 1232, Earl of Lincoln, with remainder to the heirs of his body, by his wife, the above-mentioned Margaret. In the contest which occurred during the same year, between the king and Richard Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Earl Marshal, Matthew Paris states that the Earl of Lincoln was brought over to the king's party, with John le Scot, Earl of Chester, by Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winchester, for a bribe of 1,000 marks. In 1237, his lordship was one of those appointed to prohibit Oto, the pope's prelate, from establishing anything derogatory to the king's crown and dignity, in the council of prelates then assembled; and the same year he had a grant of the sheriffalty of Cheshire, being likewise constituted Governor of the castle of Chester. The earl died in 1240, leaving Margaret, his wife, surviving, who remarried Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke.1

Child of John De Lacy and Margaret de Quincy


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Lincoln.

Margaret de Quincy

F, b. circa 1206, d. March 1266
Father*Robert de Quincy d. 1217
Mother*Hawise of Chester b. 1180, d. 1242
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Lacy.
Married Name6 January 1242As of 6 January 1242,her married name was Marshal.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMargaret de Quincy married John De Lacy.
Birthcirca 1206Margaret de Quincy was born circa 1206.
She was the daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester.
Marriage6 January 1242Margaret de Quincy married Walter Marshal, son of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare, on 6 January 1242.
DeathMarch 1266Margaret de Quincy died in March 1266.
Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln (c.1206- March 1266), was a wealthy English noblewoman and heiress having inherited suo jure the earldom of Lincoln and honours of Bolingbroke from her mother Hawise of Chester, and acquired a dower third from the extensive earldom of Pembroke following the death of her second husband, Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke. Her first husband was John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln, by whom she had two children. He was created Earl of Lincoln by right of his marriage to Margaret. Margaret has been described as "one of the two towering female figures of the mid-13th century".[1]

Margaret was born in about 1206, the daughter and only child of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester, herself the co-heiress of her brother Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester. Hawise became suo jure Countess of Chester in April 1231 when her brother resigned the title in her favour.

Her paternal grandfather, Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester was one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta; as a result he was excommunicated by the Church in December 1215. Two years later her father died after having been accidentally poisoned through medicine prepared by a Cisterian monk.[2]

Sometime before 21 June 1221, Margaret married as his second wife, her first husband John de Lacy of Pontefract. The purpose of the alliance was to bring the rich Lincoln and Bolingbroke inheritance of her mother to the de Lacy family.[3]TJohn's first marriage to Alice de l'Aigle had not produced issue; although John and Margaret together had two children.1

Child of Margaret de Quincy and John De Lacy


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Margherita of Montferrat

Mother*Isabel De Clare b. 1240, d. 1271
Life EventDateDescription
Margherita of Montferrat was the daughter of Isabel De Clare.

William de Braose

M, b. 1175, d. 1210
Father*William de Braose b. c 1144, d. 9 Aug 1211
Mother*Matilda de St. Valery b. 1155, d. 1210
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageWilliam de Braose married Maud de Clare, daughter of Richard De Clare and Amice Fitz Robert.
Birth1175William de Braose was born in 1175.
He was the son of William de Braose and Matilda de St. Valery.
Death1210William de Braose died in 1210.

Child of William de Braose and Maud de Clare

Maud de Clare

Father*Richard De Clare d. Nov 1217
Mother*Amice Fitz Robert d. 1 Jan 1225
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud de Clare was also known as Matilda.
Married NameHer married name was de Braose.
Life EventDateDescription
Maud de Clare was the daughter of Richard De Clare and Amice Fitz Robert.
MarriageMaud de Clare married William de Braose, son of William de Braose and Matilda de St. Valery.

Child of Maud de Clare and William de Braose

Richard De Clare

M, b. circa 1184, d. 4 March 1228
Father*Richard De Clare d. Nov 1217
Mother*Amice Fitz Robert d. 1 Jan 1225
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1184Richard De Clare was born circa 1184.
He was the son of Richard De Clare and Amice Fitz Robert.
Death4 March 1228Richard De Clare died on 4 March 1228.

John de Braose

M, b. circa 1198, d. 18 July 1232
Father*William de Braose b. 1175, d. 1210
Mother*Maud de Clare
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1198John de Braose was born circa 1198.
He was the son of William de Braose and Maud de Clare.
Marriage1219John de Braose married Marared ferch Llywelyn, daughter of Prince Llywelyn the Great ab Iorwerth and Joan Plantagenet, in 1219.
Death18 July 1232John de Braose died on 18 July 1232.
John de Braose (born 1197 or 1198 – July 18, 1232), known as Tadody to the Welsh, was the Lord of Bramber and Gower.

Junior branch of the de Braose dynasty
He was the second of the line of the junior branch of the de Braose dynasty.

His father was William de Braose, son of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber, and his mother was Matilda de Clare, also known as Maud, (born 1175 in Lincoln) daughter of Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford of Tonbridge Castle in Kent. John was their eldest son and one of four brothers, the others being Giles, Phillip and Walter de Braose.

His grandfather had had his lands seized and his grandmother Maud de St. Valery had been captured by forces of King John of England in 1210. She was imprisoned, along with John's father William, in Corfe Castle and walled alive inside the dungeon. Both mother and son starved to death on the King's orders. This was probably due to John's grandfather's conflict with the monarch, open rebellion and subsequent alliance with Llewelyn the Great. John's nickname Tadody means "fatherless" in the Welsh.

At his family's fall from Royal favour John de Braose was initially hidden on Gower and spent some time in the care of his uncle Giles de Braose, Bishop of Hereford, but finally in 1214 John and his younger brother Philip were taken into custody. They were imprisoned until after King John had died (in 1216), the throne passing to Henry III. John was released from custody in 1218.

In 1219 he married Margaret Ferch Llywelyn, (born about 1202 in Caernarvonshire), daughter of the leader of Wales Llywelyn Fawr and his English wife Joan Plantagenet also known as Joan, Lady of Wales, and he received the Lordship of Gower as her dowry with Llywelyn's blessing.

In 1226 another surviving uncle Reginald de Braose sold him the title of Lord of Bramber, and he inherited more lands and titles when this uncle died a few years later in 1228.

He and Margaret his Welsh wife had three sons, his heir, William de Braose the eldest son, John and Richard (born about 1225 in Stinton, Norfolk) the youngest, (buried in Woodbridge Priory, Suffolk) having died before June 1292.

In 1232 John was killed in a fall from his horse on his land in Bramber, Sussex at 34 years of age. William de Braose (born about 1230) (died 1291 in Findon, Sussex), his eldest son, succeeded him in the title of Lord of Bramber. John the younger son became Lord of the manor of Corsham in Wiltshire and also later Lord of Glasbury on Wye.

William de Braose (1230 - 1291) also had a son, named William de Braose (born 1274 in Bramber, Sussex / dying "shortly before 1st May 1326".[1]

Another William de Braose who became Bishop of Llandaff cannot be placed with certainty in this branch of the family.

The de Braose name modified to de Brewes in the Middle Ages 1200 to 1400.1

Child of John de Braose and Marared ferch Llywelyn


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Humphrey I De Bohun

M, d. circa 1123
Father*Humphrey with the Beard De Bohun d. b 1113
Life EventDateDescription
Humphrey I De Bohun was the son of Humphrey with the Beard De Bohun.
MarriageHumphrey I De Bohun married Maud of Salisbury.
Deathcirca 1123Humphrey I De Bohun died circa 1123.
Humphrey I de Bohun (died c.1123) was an Anglo-Norman aristocrat, the youngest son of Humphrey with the Beard, who had taken part in the Norman conquest of England in 1066. He married Maud, a daughter of the Anglo-Saxon landholder Edward of Salisbury, through whom he acquired an honour in Wiltshire with its seat at Trowbridge. He was succeeded by his son Humphrey II, who with his mother founded the Cluniac priory of Monkton Farleigh to fulfill the late Humphrey's wishes. By his marriage he was "the founder of the fortunes of his family" and for this reason is usually enumerated "Humphrey I" even though he was the second Humphrey de Bohun in England.[1] He has even been called Humphrey the Great.[2]1

Child of Humphrey I De Bohun and Maud of Salisbury


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Maud of Salisbury

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Bohun.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMaud of Salisbury married Humphrey I De Bohun, son of Humphrey with the Beard De Bohun.

Child of Maud of Salisbury and Humphrey I De Bohun

William II de Fiennes

M, b. circa 1250, d. 11 July 1302
Father*Enguerrand II de Fiennes b. 1192, d. 1267
Mother*Isabelle de Conde
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1250William II de Fiennes was born circa 1250.
He was the son of Enguerrand II de Fiennes and Isabelle de Conde.
Marriage1269William II de Fiennes married Blanche de Brienne, daughter of Jean de Brienne and Jeanne de Chateaudun, in 1269.
Death11 July 1302William II de Fiennes died on 11 July 1302.

Children of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne

Blanche de Brienne

F, b. circa 1252, d. circa 1302
Father*Jean de Brienne
Mother*Jeanne de Chateaudun b. c 1227, d. a 1252
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationBlanche de Brienne was also known as of Acre.
Married Name1269As of 1269,her married name was de Fiennes.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1252Blanche de Brienne was born circa 1252.
She was the daughter of Jean de Brienne and Jeanne de Chateaudun.
Marriage1269Blanche de Brienne married William II de Fiennes, son of Enguerrand II de Fiennes and Isabelle de Conde, in 1269.
Deathcirca 1302Blanche de Brienne died circa 1302.
Blanche de Brienne, Baroness Tingry (c.1252- c.1302) was the wife of William II de Fiennes, Baron of Tingry (c. 1250- 11 July 1302). She was also known as Dame de La Loupeland, and Blanche of Acre.

Blanche was born in about the year 1252 in France. She was the only child and heiress of Jean de Brienne, Grand Butler of France, and his first wife, Jeanne, Dame de Chateaudun (born c.1227- died after 1252), widow of Jean I de Montfort. Her paternal grandparents were John of Brienne, King of Jerusalem, Emperor of Constantinople, and Berenguela of Leon. Her maternal grandparents were Geoffrey VI, Viscount de Chateaudun and Clémence des Roches. Blanche had a uterine half-sister Beatrice de Montfort, Countess of Montfort-l'Amaury ( born c. 1248/49- died 9 March 1312) from her mother's first marriage to Jean I de Montfort (died 1249 in Cyprus). In 1260, Beatrice married Robert IV of Dreux, Count of Dreux (1241- 1282), by whom she had six children.

Blanche was co-heiress to her mother, by which she inherited Loupeland in Maine.[1]

In the year 1269, Blanche married William II de Fiennes, Baron of Tingry and Fiennes, son of Enguerrand II de Fiennes and Isabelle de Conde. His other titles included Lord of Wendover, Buckinghamshire, of Lambourne, Essex, of Chokes and Gayton, Northamptonshire, of Martock, Somerset, of Carshalton and Clapham, Surrey, and custodian of the county of Ponthieu. The settlement for the marriage had been made in February 1266/67.[2] William and Blanche had at least one son and two daughters:

Jean de Fiennes, Seigneur of Fiennes and Tingry (born before 1281 in France- died 1340), in 1307 married Isabelle de Dampierre, daughter of Guy de Dampierre, Count of Flanders and Isabelle of Luxembourg. They had a son Robert, who was Constable of France, and two daughters, Jeanne de Fiennes who married Jean de Chatillon, Count of Saint-Pol, and Mahaut de Fiennes who married Jean de Bournonville.[2]
Joan de Fiennes (died before 26 October 1309), in 1291 married John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell. Had issue, including Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell mother of Joan of Kent, grandmother of Richard II of England
Margaret de Fiennes (born after 1269- died 7 February 1333), in September 1285, married Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore. They had three children, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March.
In 1285, Blanche received the gift of twelve leafless oak stumps from Selwood Forest from King Edward I for her fuel.[2]

Blanche de Brienne died on an unknown date around the year 1302. Her husband William was killed on 11 July 1302 at the Battle of Courtrai.

Through her son Jean's daughter, Jeanne de Fiennes, who married Jean de Chatillon, Count of Saint-Pol, Blanche was the ancestress of Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville.1

Children of Blanche de Brienne and William II de Fiennes


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Margaret de Fiennes

F, b. after 1269, d. 7 February 1333
Father*William II de Fiennes b. c 1250, d. 11 Jul 1302
Mother*Blanche de Brienne b. c 1252, d. c 1302
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Mortimer.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMargaret de Fiennes married Edmund Mortimer.
Birthafter 1269Margaret de Fiennes was born after 1269.
She was the daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne.
Death7 February 1333Margaret de Fiennes died on 7 February 1333.

Children of Margaret de Fiennes and Edmund Mortimer

Edmund Mortimer

M, b. 1251, d. 17 July 1304
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageEdmund Mortimer married Margaret de Fiennes, daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne.
Birth1251Edmund Mortimer was born in 1251.
Death17 July 1304He died on 17 July 1304.
2nd Baron Wigmore.

Children of Edmund Mortimer and Margaret de Fiennes

Margaret De Bohun

F, b. 3 April 1311, d. 16 December 1391
Father*Humphrey De Bohun b. 1276, d. c 1322
Mother*Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan b. 7 Aug 1282, d. 5 May 1316
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Courtenay.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMargaret De Bohun married Hugh Courtenay.
Birth3 April 1311Margaret De Bohun was born on 3 April 1311.
She was the daughter of Humphrey De Bohun and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan.
Death16 December 1391Margaret De Bohun died on 16 December 1391 at age 80.
Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon (3 April 1311 – 16 December 1391) was an English noblewoman who lived most of her life in the county of Devonshire as the wife of Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon. She was a granddaughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile. Her eighteen children included an Archbishop of Canterbury and six knights.

Unlike most women of her day, she had received a classical education, and as a result was a lifelong scholar and collector of books.

Lady Margaret de Bohun was born on 3 April 1311 at Caldecote, Northampton, the third daughter and seventh child of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, Lord Constable of England and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan. Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Fiennes, and her maternal grandparents were King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile.

Margaret was left an orphan shortly before her tenth birthday. On 16 March 1321 at The Battle of Boroughbridge, her father was slain in an ambush by the Welsh. Her mother had died five years previously in childbirth.

She, along with her siblings, received a classical education under a Sicilian Greek, Master Diogenes. As a result, Margaret became a lifelong scholar, and avid book collector.

At the age of fourteen, on 11 August 1325 Lady Margaret married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (12 July 1303 - 2 May 1377). She had been betrothed to him since 27 September 1314. He was the son of Hugh Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon and Agnes St.John. Part of her dowry was the manor of Powderham, near Exeter. The agreement for the marriage had been formally made on 28 February 1315, when she was not quite four years old. The first Earl of Devon had promised that upon the marriage, he would enfeoff his son and Margaret jointly with 400 marks worth of land, assessed at its true value, and in a suitable place.[1]

Margaret assumed the title of 2nd Countess of Devon on 23 December 1340.[2]

Her eldest brother John de Bohun (23 November 1306- 20 January 1336) succeeded as 5th Earl of Hereford in 1326, having married Alice Fitzalan of Arundel in 1325. She had a younger brother William de Bohun (1312- 1360), who was created 1st Earl of Northampton in 1337 by King Edward III. He married Elizabeth de Badlesmere, by whom he had two children. Margaret's elder sister Lady Eleanor de Bohun (17 October 1304- 7 October 1363), married in 1327, her first husband, James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde. They were the ancestors of Anne Boleyn.

Hugh and Margaret had a total of eighteen children. More than half reached adulthood. Their notable descendants include Charles, Prince of Wales, and British Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill.1

Children of Margaret De Bohun and Hugh Courtenay


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_2nd_Countess_of_Devon.

Hugh Courtenay

M, b. 12 July 1303, d. 2 May 1377
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHugh Courtenay married Margaret De Bohun, daughter of Humphrey De Bohun and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan.
Birth12 July 1303Hugh Courtenay was born on 12 July 1303.
Death2 May 1377He died on 2 May 1377 at age 73.
2nd Earl of Devon.
Hugh Courtenay (12 July 1303--2 May 1377) was the 10th Earl of Devon in England, born on 12 July 1303, probably in Devon. His parents were Hugh, the 1st Courtenay Earl of Devon by Agnes de St John, daughter of Sir John St John of Basing. He was destined to become a great soldier in the Hundred years war in service of King Edward III. On 11 August 1327, still only 23 years old he was made knight banneret, and joined the elite group of knights who protected the King's body. He was made a founding knight of the Noble Order of the Garter in 1344 on its investiture at Windsor Castle. Courtenay fought with the heroes of Crecy on 26 August 1346 in the famous of the encounters in France. The victory formed the basis for Courtenay's inclusion as a Knight of the Garter in 1348, by personal invitation of the King himself.[1].

Courtenay was summoned to Parliament on the assumption of Edward III to full authority over the usurper Roger Mortimer. The writ issued on 23 April 1337 described him as Hugoni de Courteney juniori styled as Lord Courteney. Two years later he defended the coasts of Cornwall with some distinction from the invasion fleet of France. On the death of his father, Hugh the following year he was granted livery and extensive land ownership in Devon. He was probably present at the Battle of Neville's Cross, in which Henry Percy and Ralph Neville utterly defeated the Scots King David II on 17 October 1346. As the second Courtenay Earl he was honoured in the jousting tournament that took place at Lichfield, one of the many in celebration of Crecy, on 9 April 1347, in which the King himself also took part. As a Knight of the Garter he was given special permission to build the White Friars at Fleet Street, London, which became an impressive religious house near the Palace of Whitehall. Following the completion of this project he returned to Devon, on appointment as Joint Warden of Devon and Cornwall in 1352. In 1361 he and his wife benefited from the will of her deceased brother, Earl of Hereford, greatly increasing his land holdings.

According to which account is read, Courtenay made an important contribution to the outcome of the Battle of Poitiers.[2] The Black Prince had sent the baggage train under Courtenay to the rear. A wise manoeuvre in the event as the long trail of wagons and carts blocked the narrow bridge and the Frenchmen's escape route. The Prince was afraid of a flanking move behind his position over the river, and to the rear. This did not occur with any great effect; which was as well since the route Courtenay took was the long way round and he played little part in the battle as a result of the defensive positions. The French cavalry was cut down by the archers, and then two deep lines of defence of stakes and ditches. He was a veteran of sixty by this period. He retired with a full pension from the King. In 1373 he was appointed Chief Warden of the Forest of Devon.

After a full career he died at Exeter on 2 May 1377. He was buried in Exeter Cathedral. His estate was examined for probate on 28 Jan 1391.

Hugh married Margaret de Bohun daughter of Humphrey De Bohun, Earl of Hereford and of Essex by Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, and a granddaughter of King Edward I of England on 11 August 1325, when he moved into Powderham Castle, although his father was still living. He had been promised to Margaret by contract since 27 September 1314.1

Children of Hugh Courtenay and Margaret De Bohun


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_2nd_Earl_of_Devon.

Gilbert De Clare

M, b. 1291, d. 24 June 1314
Father*Gilbert De Clare b. 2 Sep 1243, d. 7 Dec 1295
Mother*Joan of Acre b. Apr 1272, d. 23 Apr 1307
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1291Gilbert De Clare was born in 1291.
He was the son of Gilbert De Clare and Joan of Acre.
Death24 June 1314Gilbert De Clare died on 24 June 1314.
Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and 8th Earl of Gloucester (1291 – 24 June 1314) was a powerful English noble and the grandson of Edward I.

His mother was Joan of Acre, who was the daughter of Edward I and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile. His father was the 6th Earl of Hertford. He succeeded to the titles in 1295, at the age of 4. But he held them for only two years. His stepfather, Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer, was allowed, by the grace of Edward I of England, to hold the titles of Earl of Hertford, Earl of Gloucester from 1297 to 1307. The titles were then transferred back to Gilbert, who was now 15, and he held them until his death.

Gilbert was raised with Edward II and proved to be a moderating influence amongst the king and nobility before his death. It was due to his close relation with the king that Gilbert was allowed to succeed to his titles before attaining his majority (which would have been when he was 18).

He died young, being killed in the Battle of Bannockburn. He died without issue, although there was a 2-year dispute with his widow, Maud, who claimed to be pregnant throughout this time. In spite of having the king's backing, after more than a year and a half of litigation, it was acknowledged that there was no possible way that Maud could still be pregnant by Gilbert and his lands were divided amongst three of his sisters, Elizabeth, Eleanor and Margaret.

By the provisions of the marriage contract of his parents, their joint possessions could only be inherited by a direct descendant. Although he had also two older half-sisters, his three full sisters therefore inherited his property.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_7th_Earl_of_Hertford.

Margaret Fitzalan

Father*John Fitzalan b. 30 Nov 1364, d. 14 Aug 1390
Mother*Elizabeth le Despenser d. 10 Apr 1408
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMargaret Fitzalan was also known as d'Arundel.
Life EventDateDescription
Margaret Fitzalan was the daughter of John Fitzalan and Elizabeth le Despenser.

Sir Henry Bruyn

Life EventDateDescription
MarriageSir Henry Bruyn married Elizabeth Darcy.

Child of Sir Henry Bruyn and Elizabeth Darcy

Elizabeth Darcy

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bruyn.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageElizabeth Darcy married Sir Henry Bruyn.

Child of Elizabeth Darcy and Sir Henry Bruyn

Piers Gaveston

Life EventDateDescription
MarriageOctober 1307Piers Gaveston married Margaret de Clare, daughter of Gilbert De Clare and Joan of Acre, in October 1307.

King Edward II of England

M, b. 25 April 1284, d. 21 September 1327
Father*King Edward I of England b. 17 Jun 1239, d. 7 Jul 1307
Mother*Eleanor of Castile d. 28 Nov 1290
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageKing Edward II of England married Isabella de France, daughter of Philip IV The Fair de France and Joan I of Navarre.
Birth25 April 1284King Edward II of England was born on 25 April 1284.
He was the son of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile.
Death21 September 1327King Edward II of England died on 21 September 1327 at age 43.
Edward II, (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327) called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. He was the seventh Plantagenet king, in a line that began with the reign of Henry II. Interspersed between the strong reigns of his father Edward I and son Edward III, the reign of Edward II was disastrous for England, marked by incompetence, political squabbling, and military defeats.

Widely rumoured to have been either homosexual or bisexual, Edward nevertheless fathered at least five children by two women. He was unable to deny even the most grandiose favours to his male favourites (first a Gascon knight named Piers Gaveston, later a young English lord named Hugh Despenser) which led to constant political unrest and his eventual deposition.

Whereas Edward I had conquered all of Wales and the Scottish lowlands, and ruled them with an iron hand, the army of Edward II was devastatingly defeated at Bannockburn, freeing Scotland from English control and allowing Scottish forces to raid unchecked throughout the north of England.

In addition to these disasters, Edward II is remembered for his probable death in Berkeley Castle, allegedly by murder; and for being the first monarch to establish colleges in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge.

The fourth son of Edward I by his first wife Eleanor of Castile, Edward II was born at Caernarfon Castle. He was the first English prince to hold the title Prince of Wales, which was formalized by the Parliament of Lincoln of 7 February 1301.

Edward became heir at just a few months of age, following the death of his elder brother Alphonso. His father, a notable military leader, trained his heir in warfare and statecraft starting in his childhood, yet the young Edward preferred boating and craftwork, activities considered beneath kings at the time.

The prince took part in several Scots campaigns, but despite these martial engagements, "all his father's efforts could not prevent his acquiring the habits of extravagance and frivolity which he retained all through his life".[2]

The king attributed his son’s preferences to his strong attachment to Piers Gaveston, a Gascon knight, and Edward I exiled Gaveston from court after Prince Edward attempted to bestow on his friend a title reserved for royalty. Ironically, it was the king who had originally chosen Gaveston in 1298 to be a suitable friend for his son due to his wit, courtesy and abilities.

Edward I knighted his son in a major ceremony in 1306 called the Feast of the Swans whereby all present swore to continue the war in Scotland.

Edward I died on 7 July 1307 en route to another campaign against the Scots, a war that became the hallmark of his reign. One chronicler relates that Edward had requested his son "boil his body, extract the bones and carry them with the army until the Scots had been subdued." But his son ignored the request and had his father buried in Westminster Abbey.[3] Edward II immediately recalled Gaveston, created him Earl of Cornwall, gave him the hand of the king's niece, Margaret of Gloucester, and withdrew from the Scottish campaign.

On 25 January 1308, Edward married Isabella of France in Boulogne, the daughter of King Philip IV of France, "Philip the Fair," and sister to three French kings in an attempt to bolster an alliance with France. On 25 February the pair were crowned in Westminster Abbey.

The marriage, however, was doomed to failure almost from the beginning. Isabella was frequently neglected by her husband, who spent much of his time conspiring with his favourites regarding how to limit the powers of the Peerage in order to consolidate his father's legacy for himself.

Nevertheless, their marriage produced two sons, Edward, who would succeed his father on the throne as Edward III, and John of Eltham (later created Earl of Cornwall), and two daughters, Eleanor and Joanna, wife of David II of Scotland. Edward had also fathered at least one illegitimate son, Adam FitzRoy, who accompanied his father in the Scottish campaigns of 1322 and died shortly afterwards.1

Children of King Edward II of England and Isabella de France


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Joan I of Navarre

F, b. 17 April 1271, d. 4 April 1305
Father*Enrique I Navarre b. c 1244, d. 22 Jul 1274
Mother*Blanche D Artois b. 1248, d. 2 May 1302
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name16 August 1284As of 16 August 1284,her married name was de France.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth17 April 1271Joan I of Navarre was born on 17 April 1271.
She was the daughter of Enrique I Navarre and Blanche D Artois.
Marriage16 August 1284Joan I of Navarre married Philip IV The Fair de France, son of Philip The Bold de France and Isabella of Aragon, on 16 August 1284.
Death4 April 1305Joan I of Navarre died on 4 April 1305 at age 33.
Joan I (also known as Joanna I; 17 April 1271 – 4 April 1305), the daughter of king Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois, reigned as queen regnant of Navarre and also served as queen consort of France.

In 1274, upon the death of her father, she became Countess of Champagne and Queen regnant of Navarre. Her mother Queen Blanche was her guardian and regent in Navarre. Various powers, both foreign and Navarrese, sought to take advantage of the minority of the heiress and the "weakness" of the female regent, which caused Joan and her mother to seek protection at the court of Philip III of France.

At the age of 13, Joan married the future Philip IV of France on 16 August 1284, becoming queen of France a year later. Their three surviving sons would all become kings of France, in turn, and their only surviving daughter queen consort of England. Queen Joan founded the famous College of Navarre in Paris.

Joan led an army against the Count of Bar when he rebelled against her.

Joan died in 1305 in childbirth, though one chronicler even accused her husband of having killed her. Her personal physician was the inventor Guido da Vigevano.1

Child of Joan I of Navarre and Philip IV The Fair de France


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Isabella of Aragon

F, b. 1247, d. 28 January 1271
Father*James I of Aragon b. 2 Feb 1208, d. 27 Jul 1276
Mother*Yolanda of Hungary b. c 1216, d. 1253
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name28 May 1262As of 28 May 1262,her married name was de France.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1247Isabella of Aragon was born in 1247.
She was the daughter of James I of Aragon and Yolanda of Hungary.
Marriage28 May 1262Isabella of Aragon married Philip The Bold de France, son of Louis IX de France and Marguerite de Provence, on 28 May 1262.
Death28 January 1271Isabella of Aragon died on 28 January 1271.
Isabella of Aragon (1247 – 28 January 1271), infanta of Aragon, was, by marriage, Queen consort of France in the Middle Ages from 1270 to 1271.

She was the daughter of King James I of Aragon and his second wife Violant of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary.

In Clermont on 28 May 1262, she married the future Philip III of France, son of king Louis IX and Marguerite of Provence. They had four sons:

Louis (b. 1265 – d. 1276).
Philip IV "the Fair" (b. 1268 – d. 1314), King of France.
Robert (b. 1269 – d. 1271).
Charles of Valois (b. 1270 – d. 1325).
She accompanied her husband on the Eighth Crusade against Tunis. On their way home, they stopped in Cosenza, Calabria. Six months pregnant with her fifth child, on 11 January 1271 she suffered a fall from her horse after they had resumed the trip back to France. Isabella gave birth to a premature stillborn son.[1] She never recovered from her injuries and the childbirth, and died seventeen days later, on 28 January. Her husband took her body and their stillborn son and, when he finally returned to France, buried her in Saint Denis Basilica. Her tomb, like many others, was desecrated during the French Revolution in 1793.1

Children of Isabella of Aragon and Philip The Bold de France


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Louis IX de France

M, b. 25 April 1214, d. 25 August 1270
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationLouis IX de France was also known as Capet.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageLouis IX de France married Marguerite de Provence.
Birth25 April 1214Louis IX de France was born on 25 April 1214.
Death25 August 1270He died on 25 August 1270 at age 56.
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death. He was also styled Louis II, Count of Artois from 1226 to 1237. Born at Poissy, near Paris, he was a member of the House of Capet, the son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile. He worked with the Parlement of Paris in order to improve the professionalism of his administration in regards to legal actions.

He is the only canonized king of France; consequently, there are many places named after him, most notably São Luís do Maranhão, Brazil, St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States and both the state and city of San Luis Potosí, in Mexico. Saint Louis was also a tertiary of the Order of the Holy Trinity and Captives (known as the Trinitarians).[citation needed] On 11 June 1256, the General Chapter of the Trinitarian Order formally affiliated Louis IX at the famous monastery of Cerfroid, which had been constructed by Felix of Valois north of Paris.

Louis was born in 1214 at Poissy, near Paris, the son of King Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile. A member of the House of Capet, Louis was twelve years old when his father died on 8 November 1226. He was crowned king within the month at Reims cathedral. Because of Louis's youth, his mother ruled France as regent during his minority.

His younger brother Charles I of Sicily (1227–85) was created count of Anjou, thus founding the second Angevin dynasty.

No date is given for the beginning of Louis's personal rule. His contemporaries viewed his reign as co-rule between the king and his mother, though historians generally view the year 1234 as the year in which Louis began ruling personally, with his mother assuming a more advisory role. She continued as an important counselor to the king until her death in 1252.

On 27 May 1234, Louis married Margaret of Provence (1221 – 21 December 1295), whose sister Eleanor was the wife of Henry III of England.1

Children of Louis IX de France and Marguerite de Provence


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Elizabeth de Berkeley

F, b. 1386, d. 28 December 1422
Father*Thomas de Berkeley b. 5 Jan 1352, d. 13 Jul 1417
Mother*Margaret de Lisle
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Beauchamp.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageElizabeth de Berkeley married Richard de Beauchamp.
Birth1386Elizabeth de Berkeley was born in 1386.
She was the daughter of Thomas de Berkeley and Margaret de Lisle.
Death28 December 1422Elizabeth de Berkeley died on 28 December 1422.
Elizabeth Beauchamp (née de Berkeley), Countess of Warwick (1386 – 28 December 1422) was born in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England to Thomas de Berkeley, 5th Baron Berkeley and Margaret de Lisle, Baroness Lisle.[1]

Elizabeth married Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick before 5 October 1397. He was the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick and Margaret Ferrers. Elizabeth gave birth to three girls:

Lady Margaret Beauchamp (1404 – 14 June 1468) married General John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
Lady Eleanor Beauchamp (born c. 1407 – died between 4 March 1466 - 8 March 1468) married (1) Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros (2) Sir Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset (3) Walter Rokesley
Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp (16 September 1417 - died before 2 October 1480) married (1) George Nevill, 1st Baron Latymer (2) Thomas Wake.1

Children of Elizabeth de Berkeley and Richard de Beauchamp


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Countess_of_Warwick.

Elizabeth de Beauchamp

F, b. 16 September 1417, d. before 2 October 1480
Father*Richard de Beauchamp b. 23 Jan 1382, d. 30 Apr 1439
Mother*Elizabeth de Berkeley b. 1386, d. 28 Dec 1422
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1437As of 1437,her married name was Neville.
Married Nameafter 1437As of after 1437,her married name was Wake.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth16 September 1417Elizabeth de Beauchamp was born on 16 September 1417.
She was the daughter of Richard de Beauchamp and Elizabeth de Berkeley.
Marriage1437Elizabeth de Beauchamp married George Neville, son of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, in 1437.
Marriageafter 1437Elizabeth de Beauchamp married Thomas Wake after 1437.
Deathbefore 2 October 1480Elizabeth de Beauchamp died before 2 October 1480.

Child of Elizabeth de Beauchamp and George Neville

Edward Nevill

M, b. before 1414, d. 18 October 1476
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEdward Nevill was also known as Neville.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 1414Edward Nevill was born before 1414.
He was the son of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Marriage1436Edward Nevill married Elizabeth Beauchamp, daughter of Richard Beauchamp and Isabel le Despenser, in 1436.
Death18 October 1476Edward Nevill died on 18 October 1476.
Edward Nevill, de facto 3rd (de jure 1st) Baron Bergavenny (bef. 1414 – 18 October 1476) was an English peer.

He was the son of Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, daughter of John of Gaunt and Katherine de Roet (better known as Katherine Swynford). Nevill was knighted sometime after 1426.[1]

In 1436 he married Lady Elizabeth de Beauchamp (d. June 18, 1448), daughter of the 1st Earl of Worcester and the former Lady Isabel le Despenser, who later succeeded as de jure 3rd Baroness Bergavenny, and they had the following children:

Richard Nevill (bef. 1439 – bef. 1476)
Sir George Nevill (c.1440–1492), later 4th and 2nd Baron Bergavenny
Alice Nevill, married Sir Thomas Grey
Catherine Nevill (b.c.1444), married John Iwardby
Bergavenny, as he was now styled, was a justice of the peace for Durham in 1438.[1]

Shortly after his first wife's death, in the summer or fall of 1448, he married Katherine Howard, daughter of Robert Howard and sister of the 1st Duke of Norfolk, and they had the following children:

Catherine Nevill (b.c. 1452), married Robert Tanfield
Margaret Nevill (b.bef. 1476-1506), married John Brooke, 7th Baron Cobham
Anne Nevill (b.bef 1476-1480/81)
He was a captain in the embattled Duchy of Normandy in 1449.[1] His eldest son Richard was one of the hostages given to the French when the English surrendered the city of Rouen in that year.

After the death of his first wife, he was summoned to Parliament in 1450 as "Edwardo Nevyll de Bergavenny", by which he is held to have become Baron Bergavenny. At the time, however, this was considered to be a summons by right of his wife, and so he was considered the 3rd, rather than the 1st, Baron.

In 1454, he was appointed to the Privy Council assembled by the Duke of York as Lord Protector, along with his more prominent Nevill kinsmen. He was a commissioner of array in Kent in 1461, and was a captain in Edward IV's army in the North the following year. He was again a commissioner of array in 1470, remaining loyal to Edward IV, unlike his nephew, the Earl of Warwick[1].1

Child of Edward Nevill and Elizabeth Beauchamp


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Baron_Bergavenny_(second_creation).